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An endocrinologist is a doctor who specializes in the endocrine system. The endocrine system is the complex system of glands, the organs that make hormones which help to control body activities. The endocrine glands include the thyroid, parathyroid, pancreas, ovaries, testes, adrenal, pituitary and hypothalamus.

Some examples of glands and their hormones are:

Thyroid gland : Located in the front of the neck. It secretes thyroid hormone, which regulates the body's overall metabolism.

Parathyroid glands : There are 4 parathyroid glands located behind the thyroid. They secrete parathyroid hormone, which control calcium levels throughout the body.

Adrenal glands : There are 2 adrenal glands located on the top of each kidney. The inner parts secrete adrenaline, and the outer parts secrete aldosterone and cortisol. These hormones maintain salt levels in the blood, maintain blood pressure, help control kidney function, and control overall fluid concentrations in the body.

Pancreas : Located deep in the abdomen behind the stomach, the pancreas is primarily a digestive organ. It also contains the extremely important endocrine cells which secrete insulin, glucagon, somatostatin, and others, which control blood sugar and the overall glucose metabolism which help control other endocrine cells of the digestive tract.

Pituitary gland : The pituitary is located at the base of the brain. It secretes the thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), adrenocotropic hormone (ACTH), and other hormones which control the activity of many other endocrine glands (thyroid, ovaries, adrenal, etc).

Endocrinologists are trained to recognize and treat hormone problems by helping to restore the natural balance of hormones in our system. Endocrine diseases and disorders are grouped into several different areas. Some work in all the areas, while other endocrinologists focus on one or two areas. The major areas of endocrinology are:

Diabetes : This is a condition when there is too much sugar in the blood. Serious conditions may result from this, such as problems in the eyes, kidneys and nerves, which can lead to blindness, dialysis, or amputation. Endocrinologists treat diabetes with diet and medications, including insulin.

Thyroid : Thyroid disorders include too little or too much of the thyroid hormones. These result in problems with muscle strength, emotions, weight control, and tolerating heat or cold. Endocrinologists help patients reach a hormone balance by replacing thyroid hormone. They also treat manage patients with thyroid growths or thyroid cancer, and swollen thyroid glands.

Bone : Endocrinologists diagnose and treat osteomalacia (rickets, which causes bones to soften) and osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is a disease caused by a drop in hormone levels resulting in bones losing tissue and weakening the skeleton. Menopause, loss of testicle function, and aging may put you at risk for bone fractures.

Reproduction/Infertility : Endocrinologists diagnose and treat the precise hormone imbalance that causes infertility, and also assess and treat patients with reproductive problems based in glands. Other problems that they treat are menopause symptoms, irregular periods, endometriosis, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), premenstrual syndrome, and impotence.

Obesity : Thyroid, adrenal, ovarian, and pituitary disorders can cause obesity. The sign of obesity is too much body fat. Endocrinologists identify and treat factors linked with obesity.

Hypertension: Hypertension is high blood pressure, and it is a risk factor for heart disease. Many people have hypertension because of too much aldosterone, a hormone produced in the adrenal glands. A growth called pheochromocytoma may also cause hypertension. These conditions can be treated successfully by an endocrinologist.

Lipid disorders : Patients with lipid disorders have trouble maintaining normal levels of body fats. Some disorders are hyperlipidemia (high levels of total cholesterol), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (known as "bad" cholesterol), hypertension, hypothyroidism, drug use (such as steroids), metabolic syndrome, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), and obesity. Endicrinologists diagnose and treat these diseases.

Pituitary glands : The pituitary makes several vital hormones. Over - or under - production of pituitary hormones can lead to infertility, menstrual disorders, growth disorders (acromegaly or short stature) and too much cortisol production (Cushing's syndrome). Endocrinologists control and treat these conditions.

If you have any of the above mentioned problems and your condition worsens due to over exertion or stress during your visit to Oahu, or you have any of the symptoms mentioned above and feel that you may have an endocrine problem, then you must get in touch with an endocrinologist. For your convenience, Oahu.us has compiled a list of endocrinologists in Oahu. You can get in touch with one nearest to where you are

Michael Bournemann, MD
1585 Kapiolani Blvd # 1500
Honolulu, HI
(808) 531-6886
Erlinda M Cachola, MD
936 Kalihi St
Honolulu, HI
(808) 845-9955
David Fitz-Patrick, MD
1585 Kapiolani Blvd # 1500
Honolulu, HI
(808) 531-6886
John H Kim, MD
1451 S King St # 312
Honolulu, Hi
(808) 946-0567
Leonard Kryston, MD
888 S King St
Honolulu, Hi
(808) 522-4344
J Harlan Meyer, MD
550 S Beretania St
Honolulu, HI
(808) 537-2211
Werner G Schroffner, MD
1380 Lusitana St # 902
Honolulu, HI
(808) 524-2472
S Y Tan, MD
2226 Liliha St # 403
Honolulu, HI
(808) 526-9784
Rae Nagao Teramoto, MD
321 N Kuakini St # 201
Honolulu, HI
(808) 523-8611
Laurie Tom, MD
1380 Lusitana St # 806
Honolulu, HI
(808) 528-4010
Greg Y Uramoto, MD
321 N Kuakini St # 201
Honolulu, HI
(808) 523-8611
Sorrell H Waxman, MD
1319 Punahou St # 1100
Honolulu, HI
(808) 955-7845
Frank Singer, MD
98-1079 Moanalua Rd # 600
Aiea, HI
(808) 487-2477
Steven M C Lum, MD
30 Aulike St # 303
Kailua, HI
(808) 261-1745
Ewa Beach
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